The word Andhra is found first in the edicts of Ashoka along
with other nationalities mentioned in the edicts. The word
ANDHRA in Sanskrit means leaders of the War or Battle. Ashokas
territories were comprised of northern India and Kalinga country
in Deccan. In the South, Ashoka had friendly relations with
neighboring Andhra Kings.
After Ashoka, his empire began to decline. Amongst other ruling
dynasties who came to the fore front were Andhras of the Telegu
They are known to have ruled from at least 250 B.C., but they
became a great power in 220 B.C. They remained in a dominant
position till the third century A.D. The Coins of Andhra kings
were found in many places in the west up to Nasik. The
inscriptional sources mention that the family of Eastern Malva
Andhras succeeded the Sungas in 50 B.C. In later years they made
VENGI near Godhavari river as their capital.
The Andhra Kings bear the family Satarkarni or Satavahanas. They
were enthusiastic followers of Buddhism and erected a number of
great stupas in the neighborhood of river Krishna, to enshrine
the relics of their teacher. The best of them was the well known
stupas of Amaravathi. The artistic feature of this feature of
this period shows certain traces of Greek and Persian
The First Andhra Empire
During 220 B.C. the Andhra Kshatriyas became dominant in the
East coast and over large tracts in the interior parts. In A.D.
0001 the Andhras extended their power so as to govern the whole
of Deccan and even the north. The Indian calendar sytem of
calculating years in Saka era (Salivahana era) was introduced by
the satavahanas of Andhra Empire. Later in 225 A.D. the Andhra
kingdom shrunk to small size consisting of the Telegu provinces
alone. After the last king Pulamayi III, the rule of Satavahanas
disintegrated. Chalukyas were considered to be descendents of
Satavahanas families. They rose again to power after a gap of
few centuries at about 500 A.D.
The Second Andhra Empire
The second Andhra empire was founded in 900 A.D. It was called
the Kakathiya empire (900 - 1300 A.D.) Warrangal was the capital
city (the old name was Origolu). The last emperor was Prathapa
Rudhra of Origolu. Later, the Vijayanagar Empire was founded in
Andhra in the 14th Century.
The Vijayanagar Empire
During the close of the 16th century A.D. at the height of
Vijaya Nagar empire, a few families of Andhra kshatriyas
migrated towards the south upto Madurai region as Commanders and
also the administrators.
The Rajapalayam Kshatriyas
Between 1650 and 1750 A.D. with the collapse of the Vijayanagar
empire, some of the Andhra Kshatriya families scattered towards
south down to Madurai nadu, gradually gathered and settled at
Rajapalayam. They came to this region as commanders and
administrators, the purpose of their migration was to control
the deteriorated law and to order problem in this region. They
were well known for their velour and simplicity.
At present each Kshatriya family has its own house name. The
ancestral name of the village where the family once lived and
migrated out, was taken as the name of the house. There are a
few exceptions, whereas the names of eminent personality is also
adopted as the family or house name. The Rajapalayam Andhra
Kshatriya Raju community is a collective group made up of 27
house names. They are given in the table separately.
Andhra Kshatriyas in Andhra
The total number of the familiar house names in the entire
Andhra Kshatriya community as a whole living in Andhra region
and Rajapalayam region is 109. The four Gothras are maintained as
the same for both Kshatriyas living at Rajapalayam and Andhra. By
this similarity of cultural and social practices the Andhra
Kshatriya indentity of Rajapalyam Rajus is recognized.
In those days there was no communication and transport facility
to have interaction between the families and relations of the
same community. When years rolled, the connection between the
family and relatives were severed for long gap lasting approx.
400 years. In the beginning, Rajapalayam was an isolated place,
located as an island, geographically distanced far away from
Andhra, the original mainland of Rajapalayam Andhra Kshatriya